Gas Import Jetty & Pipeline Discussion

Protection of Ramsar wetlands -Westernport Bay

Protection of Ramsar wetlands -Westernport Bay

Protection of Ramsar wetlands -Westernport Bay


Dear AGL 

Having worked in related fields and considering that Victoria is already a net exporter of gas, how do you explain why have you chosen a Ramsar-listed wetland site as your preferred location for this project and how can you guarantee that your gas proposal will not damage its environmental values?   


This proposal appears to be very short sighted and could be seen as a short term and arrogant abuse of  power at the long term expense of the environment.  Its not a good look.



Interesting that AGL have not answered my question.  There must be too much to hide from the public


AGL answered my questions regarding exporting of gas and said they do not export gas, so I am confused, do they export gas or not, if they do why then import it?

AGL Employee



I'm very sorry for the delay. We received a large number of questions at the same time as yours and are working to answer them as quickly as possible.


We are very aware that Western Port is an environmentally sensitive area and many areas within it are covered by the Ramsar international convention on the protection of wetlands.


There were several potential sites for the project identified, including Crib Point in Victoria, Port Adelaide in South Australia and Port Kembla in New South Wales. The evaluation process considered several factors including access to key gas markets, cost of incremental pipeline transmission, availability of suitable land for onshore facilities, cost of existing or new build pipelines, existing investments within AGL’s wholesale gas portfolio and marine and port suitability.


Crib Point was selected due to its proximity to our largest gas market, existing jetty already importing liquid fuels and only requires bed levelling to shave off some high points at the berth.


It is impossible to guarantee that the project would have no impact on the environment, and we realise for many in the community, this is not good enough. The Victorian Government has required us to undergo an Environment Effects Statement to assess the potential effects of the project on the environment and assess alternatives to avoid and mitigate effects.


If the potential impacts cannot be acceptably addressed the project would not go ahead.

AGL Employee

Hi @sunflower,


Unlike electricity in which we both generate and sell the power, AGL is not a significant producer of gas.  Therefore, we rely on buying gas in the national market from the major gas producers in Australia, such as ExxonMobil and BHP, to then sell this gas to our 1.4 million gas customers in the South Eastern states of Australia.


Gas is being exported by producers such as Shell, Origin and ENI (we have some minor shareholdings in gas producers) from Queensland and Western Australia and we do not have access to this gas.  Pipeline constraints prevent the gas being delivered from Queensland in amounts need to meet high winter demand and there is no pipeline from WA.  We have a regional demand imbalance not an overall gas shortage in Australia because the southern states relied on plentiful cheap gas from legacy gas fields in Bass Strait that are now in decline.  We need to import gas to meet the needs of the south eastern states.


A recent report[1] on the East Coast gas market by industry research firm Bloomberg New Energy Finance on the impact of liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports in Eastern Australia outlined the regional imbalance in the gas market:

“Demand for gas is just one part of the equation. The other is that cheap gas supplies from legacy gas fields are depleting fast. This has created regional gas supply and demand imbalances.

Most demand is concentrated in the south of Australia including Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia. These three states together accounted for three quarters of the domestic gas demand in eastern Australia, which reached 612 PJ (17 billion cubic metres (Bcm)) in 2017.

The legacy basins of gas supply, particularly in offshore Victoria, are depleting fast. These low-cost sources of gas were the fundamental reason for domestic gas prices being much lower than export netback prices in the past. New gas sources are largely in Queensland, more than 1,000km north of the demand centers.”


According to ExxonMobil, one of the Gippsland Basin’s large legacy fields has depleted earlier than expected, with another two fields expected to be depleted in the early 2020s.


In the longer term, the consultancy Energy Quest predicts gas production from Victoria’s offshore fields will fall by 57% in 2022 from the levels seen in 2017. It is not yet clear what the remaining smaller and new gas fields can deliver but this tightening supply situation is making it increasingly challenging for buyers of gas, like AGL, to secure the gas required to keep customers well supplied.


The Australian gas market is complex, but I hope this answered your question?


[1] Double Whammy of LNG Imports in Eastern Australia, BloombergNEF, December 19, 2018